Below is a transcript of the Abberley Court Roll of 1483. Do you recognise any of the names, places, lanes or fields that are mentioned? If so then please contact us.
If you haven’t already, please follow this link to read Heather Rendall’s blog relating to this document.
With thanks to Kevin Down, palaeographer and Heather Rendall, transcriber
Court Roll 8th October 1483 1Rich3
- The village there presents a (road toll?) of 5/6 and that Humphrey Salewey who owes suit, has defaulted [i.e. not appeared at the court] and so is in mercy. And it is ordered that a water ….[missing edge to parchment] to mend his tenement before the next [court] on pain of 13/4.
At the same it is ordered that Richard Hyll, John Hyll and William Farley are to mend and repair their dilapidated tene(ments [missing edge to parchment] ) before the next [court] on pain to each of them, should they fail, 13/4
And it is ordered that Thomas Hendy, Hugo Colyer and Richard Harryes are to mend a lane called Hogg Lane before the Feast of All Saints (1st Nov) on pain to each of them, should they fail, 6/8.
And it is ordered that Richard Hey and John Gorle repair a lane called Bound Lane before the Feast aforesaid on pain to each of them of 3/4.
And it is ordered that John Nott and John Broke are to repair a lane called Berlyse Lane before next Christmas Day on pain to each of them of 3/4.
And it is ordered that John Hyll is to mend a lane called Cockshot Lane before the next Feast of All Saints on pain of 3/4.
And it is ordered that Richard Cowper is to remove his dung heap on the public road next to Gutter House before the aforesaid Feast on pain of 3/4.
And it is ordered that William Farley repair a lane called Longcroft Lane before the aforesaid Feast on pain of 4/-.
And the same person is ordered to repair the said fault before the next [court] on pain of 10/-.
William Farley is in mercy because of a (li. con. not known; thought to possibly refer to an illegal licence] along with John Wod.
- Item they present that John Cowper a serf of the Lord was convicted and hung for a felony and so all his goods are forfeit to the Lord, which it is ordered should be seized into the hands [of the Lord]
Item they present that John Shutford still has not opened his fields in Open Time therefore he has forfeited that same parcel [of land] and he is ordered to open the field at all Open Times and to open all public roads for the work of the tenants there on pain of 10/-
- And it is ordained by common consent of the tenants that John Smyth, Thomas Corvedale, John Nott John Gorle John Hey and Nicholas (missing edge of parchment) have ordained and ratified how many beasts of burden and cattle each of the Lord’s tenant should have grazing on the Common according to the rate and quantity of their tenure on pain to each, should they contravene, 6/8.
John Nott is elected to the office of constable and is sworn in.
Richard Fido is elected tything man and is sworn in.
- At this court the Lord granted to William Gladwyn junior the reversion of a messuage and a half virgate of land with appurtances called Bangell [Banyell?] and (illegible) three fields called Syntley Fields lying in Tylstannes Lydgate [Tylstone Lydgate?] next to the Lord’s park for a rent of 15/- after the decease of William Gladwyn and Agnes his wife, parents of the said William Gladwyn junior, to hold to him and his according to the customs of the manor for rent and services as previously owed and paid.
And he gave the Lord a fine for the having of the aforesaid reversion of 10/-.
- To this court came Richard Corvesar and surrendered into the hands of the Lord a messuage and a noke of land called Hycchcokes (Hitchcocks) and 1 messuage and a noke of land called Nashes and there falls to the Lord a heriot etc and the aforesaid messuages and lands remain in the hands of the Lord.
- To the court came Hugo Engyll and took from the Lord 2 messuages and 2 nokes of land called Hitchcocks and Nashes recently held by Richard Corvesar and ….(missing edge of parchment) to hold according to the custom of the manor for a rent and services as previously owed. And he gave to the Lord as a fine which was for the aforesaid heriot 8/- and ( missing edge of parchment) he paid fealty to the Lord.
- At this court the Lord granted to William Crundale the reversion of 2 messuages , ½ virgate and 1 noke of land with appurtances called Hylls Land and (illegible) after the death of Richard Hyll it will fall to him to hold for the rent and services as previously owed and he gave the Lord a fine for the holding of the said reversion 5/- and he did fealty to the Lord.
- At this court the Lord granted to Richard Crundale the reversion of 1 messuage and 1 noke and a half of land with appurtances in Abbotley (Abberley) after the decease or departure of Thomas Crundale, his father, to hold to him and his for the rent and services as previously owed and he gave to the Lord for the holding of the said reversion 6/8 and he did fealty to the Lord.
Witnessed John Smyth Richard Hey jurati
 In mercy – liable to be fined if he repeats the fault
 A pain = a fine e.g. on pain of death
 The amount 2d is written above the name indicating a fine paid.
 Likely to be horses ; see similar below where beasts of burden and cattle are mentioned specifically
 Open Time = once a crop had been taken from a field it had to be opened ( i.e. gates/hurdles removed) so that cattle or sheep etc could graze.
 Messuage = a house / dwelling
 Sibi et suis = to him and his i.e for himself and his heirs
 A fine = payment